TOKYO, Japan, Sep 12 (IPS) –
1. SDGs and global governance
Sustainable development is the challenge of building a society in which humanity can live with dignity in this global environment. The SDGs set 17 goals and 169 targets to achieve sustainable development. Goals 16 and 17 are precisely aimed at building global governance through the formation of global rules. Goal 16 lists 10 specific goals, while Goal 17 lists 19 goals.
To answer this question, it is necessary, first of all, to analyze the relationship between the legitimacy that defines the rules of governance in each country and the governance structure, and on the basis of this analysis to identify problems and make proposals that can overcome them. issues.
2. Laws of the country in question and legitimacy
In modern societies, national laws are laid down in national constitutions. For example, the pros and cons of the death penalty are debated, but the essential reason why this is controversial is whether the fundamental question on what grounds someone can deny the life of another even if he or she uses the institution of death penalty. law exists there. This question becomes clearer in the case of democracy. The epistemological question becomes whether the people, as sovereigns who constitute the sovereignty of the state, can take the lives of sovereigns on the basis of law, even if the law is created by parliamentarians elected through the system of elections.
In fact, the institution of the state is the only institution that can kill legally. International law recognizes war as the final solution to international disputes. It is also considered a means of settling disputes over the sovereignty of states, recognized by international law, in the absence of any superior power.
And the legitimacy of this rule is, surprisingly, enshrined in the preamble of each country’s constitution. Even if such a statement is not contained in the preamble to the Constitution, it is enshrined in the more basic texts of the fundamental laws of each country, in the case of Great Britain in the Magna Cartain the case of the US in the Declaration of Independenceand in the case of France in the Declaration of Human Rights.
The international order so far has shaped the values of the hegemonic powers, such as Pax romana And Pax Britannica, the actual rule. However, in an international community where diverse cultures and values exist, it is not possible to conduct global governance with the values of any country as global rules.
3. Possibility of global rules
Although it is a difficult question how to establish values, the legal conditions under which global rules can be established are relatively clear. Honesty, rationality, transparency, stability and predictability are required. The rule of law arises when people understand that the rule is valid.
The question is how to construct transcendental values that correspond to the sovereignty of people’s belief systems as values in the legislation of each country. The sociology of religion and the sociology of domination show that the legitimacy of the transcendent rule of law, which is the basis of the values of any country, is constituted by the fact that the survival of the group is possible.
When we consider that humanity is an inhabitant of this fragile planet and that the idea of humanity as a community is the basis of the SDGs, and that our lives and those of others have the same value as the basis of human rights, The legitimacy of global social domination in the era of the SDGs must be based on sustainability. This means that the legitimacy of global social domination in the era of the SDGs must lie in sustainability.
Despite criticisms of idealism, the only logical solution to global governance is to create the conditions for its realization.
Sotaro KusumotoStaff, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan
Osamu KusumotoSecretary General, Forum on Future Vision
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© Inter Press Service (2023) — All rights reservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service